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My Reflection of Learning

Overall, there is a lot to take into consideration when it comes to thinking about how and why individuals learn, but the real job comes into play when it is time to effectively facilitate the learning process.  The most striking thing that I learned about learning is that it is a process and that there is not one theory that can explain it.  Therefore, the professional has to be flexible when it comes to learning because as individuals we all learn different and possess different capabilities to learn and retain learned information.  According to Laureate Education (2009), people learn in many different ways and may even have distinctive styles for learning and processing new information.  Additionally, the professional has to be very knowledgeable about the learning process and theories.  Further, realizing this striking point helped me to understand my learning process as it occurred through the years and continued to develop.  I realized how I utilized my learning from many networks to help me to further learn and make since of newly learned material.  I also realized how I have several learning styles.  According to Gilbert and Swanier (2008), however, one person can have several learning styles relative to a specific course or subject.  The professional’s job consists of a lot when it comes to helping individuals learn.  According to Laureate Education (2009), an understanding of how people learn is a foundation for designing effective instruction.

Learning theories, learning styles, educational technology, and motivation all can aid in the ability for an individual to effectively learn.  They are all used or carefully assessed when developing learning materials for learners.  The professional has to understand all theories and styles in order to understand the type of learners and appropriate tools to use with the learners.  Additionally, I believe that this will also allow the professional to understand how to better motivate an individual based on the learner’s learning style.  Further, it is important to understand what motivates learners along with providing learners with the appropriate learning material and tools so learners are able to stay engaged and attentive.  According to Ormrod, Schunk, and Gredler (2008), motivation determines the extent to which we exhibit the particular responses we have learned; it also affects whether and in what ways we process the information we receive.  The professional also has to understand all theories and styles in order to understand what technology should be used for specific types of learning. 

Understanding my own learning can help me to better understand the learning of others so  I am able to identify what factors may be causing an individual to not effectively learn and retain material.  According to Gilbert and Swanier (2008), when one understands his or her learning styles, he or she can make the appropriate modifications to increase achievement.   I will be able to be flexible in my approach to helping individual’s learn and understand how the theories and styles apply to learning.  I will also be capable of better understanding the role of motivation when it comes to learning and become effective in making motivation a part of the learning process.  Further, I will be more equipped to provide better strategies, techniques, and tools to aid in the learning process for learners.  According to Laureate Education (2009), it is important in any instructionally designed learning environment that you account for those differences and taken them into consideration.


Gilbert, J. & Swanier, C. (2008). Learning Styles: How do they fluctuate? Institute for Learning Styles Journal [Vol. l]. Retrieved from:

Laureate Education Inc., 2009. An Introduction to Learning. Baltimore, MD: Jeanne Ormrod

Laureate Education Inc., 2009. Learning Styles and Strategies. Baltimore, MD: Jeanne Ormrod

Ormrod, J., Schunk, D., & Gredler, M. (2009). Learning theories and instruction. New York: Pearson.






My View of Learning

My view of learning as a whole has changed great deal since the beginning of this class.  I have learned that it is very important to learn and understand each theory.  It is equally important to understand how learning occurs, role of memory, transfer, what influences learning, how technology can be used for learning, and types of learning explained by each theory.  I also discovered that it is important to understand each theory to develop appropriate learning material for any age learner.  Additionally, the professional has to be aware that all learners have different ways of learning and memory capabilities.  A professional developing learning material needs to be able to be flexible and not rely on one theory to understand how a learner may learn.  My view of how I learned has changed as now I realize that I do not learn by using one learning theory.  I believe that I have used different styles of learning throughout my life based on what I was learning at the time.  Different levels of learning and learning environments will demand the need for different methods and styles or a combination of the two.  However, I feel that now I learn by using methods from most of the theories such as cognitivism, social, constructivism, connectivism, and adult.  I prefer to learn by using what I previous learned to build on to new material to further learn.  I also utilize what I have learned in educational settings and work experiences to build on to new material that I am learning.   Further I look to mobile technology to help in my learning and research.  I think mobile technology is accessible and an easy way to explore and stay current on information.  I also rely on technology more for helping with the storage of information that I may learn or points that I would like to further look into. 

Connectivism and Learning Networks

My learning network consists of several learning networks.  The learning networks that are displayed in my mind map are the networks that stood out to me most and have a great impact on my knowledge building.  I have become a person that tries to make a learning experience out of anything so I am always eager to learn.  I find it very interesting how I am always taking mental note of things from coworkers and friends regarding information that they share.  I feel that I receive a lot of helpful information when other share their information and knowledge.  I try to take what I have learned from all my networks and use that knowledge in a creative.  For example, I try to use my past learning in retail management and experience on my job (social services) all together so I take what I learn from one environment or network and use it in another.  Additionally, I use my laptop or cell phone to google and further research information that has been shared with me.  Therefore, I make it a point to link m networks and systems.  According to Davis, Edmund, and Batesman (2008), the ability to see connections between fields, ideas, and concepts is core.  Another part of connectivism is the ability to keep your knowledge up to date and that is why I google and research information that maybe shared with me.  When I was working in retail I would always google blogs on fashion to see what was current in the fashion industry.  Further using technological resources to research information also helps you to better learn when you have questions.  I am further able to gain knowledge when I have questions because for me having questions challenge me to think further, be creative, and seek out the answers to my questions.  My personal learning network is supported by the central tenets of connectivism as I use all my networks and by linking them to one another as information is taken from one network and used in another. 


Mind Map of My Learning Network

This week focused on adult learning and connectivism.  I have developed a mind map to show the learning networks that are involved in my learning.  According to Laureate Education, Inc. (2009), connectivism is presented as a learning theory that integrates technology, social networks, and information.APP5TTaylors-Mind-Map_2498afjv

Understanding How the Brain Process Information

Understanding How the Brain Process and Learn

This week we discussed how we store and retrieve information.  We also discussed challenges that we have in storing and retrieving information.  This week’s course material was very interesting and enlightening and helped me to think more about the learning process and start to think about more creative ways to better help an individual learn.

Week 2 Resources

The Teacher’s Personal Tour Guide to the Brain

The author of this article is Dr. David Sousa.  Dr. Sousa discusses in this article the purpose of teachers understanding how the brain works in order to effectively help their students learn.  He further discusses that learning needs to have meaning in order for it to be stored in long term memory.  Dr. Sousa discusses that it is the significance of the material being taught that will contribute to meaning for the learning.  I like this article because it challenges the teacher or even ID professional to be more creative and experiment with meaningful learning strategies and techniques.  It lets the ID professional or teacher know that understanding how an individual processes information is beneficial when developing teaching strategies and techniques so that material being presented is properly stored for retrieval.

Sousa, David. (n.d). The Teacher’s Personal Tour Guide to the Brain. Brain Connection. Retrieved January 17, 2013, from

Gagne’s Nine Levels of Learning (Training Your Team Effectively)

I found this next article as I did an article search on the learning process.  I particularly like this article as it discusses the processing of effectively learning when receiving training.  This article appears to speak to only trainers and ID professionals.  However, I believe that it can be beneficial for anyone teaching material to another individual.  This article also provides other models that can be combined with Gagne’s model.  Therefore, it encourages the reader to be creative when developing training and teaching tools, strategies and techniques and not relying on one model.    Additionally, as I mentioned in my first post I am very interested in training so to me this article will help me to be more effective and creative as a professional.  Gagne’s Nine Levels of Learning basically talk about effectively structuring the learning environment in a way that you are effectively engaging students and helping them to retain information.  Gangne’s Nine Levels of Learning consist of (gaining attention, informing learners of the objective, stimulating recall of prior learning, presenting the stimulus, providing learning and guidance, eliciting performance, providing feedback, assessing performance, and enhancing retention and transfer).  I like the way that the steps are presented as each step is defined, this help the professional to also think of methods and techniques that can be used during each step.

Gagne’s Nine Levels of Learning (Training Your Team Effectively). Mind Tools. Retrieved January 17, 2013, from



My Journey: Instructional Design and Understanding Learning

WEEK 1 Resources

I began my journey to find blogs or newsletters for my course assignment by thinking about the information that I would want to learn and gather from the blogs or newsletters regarding instructional design and workplace training.  I first thought that I would definitely want the content to be current and helpful to me as I learn about instructional design and technology.  I then thought that I would want the blogs or newsletters to capture my attention by its presentation, organization, and accessibility of the information presented on the blogs or newsletters.  Additionally, I thought about my area of interest as an ID learner.  I hope to be able to share helpful information about ID and learning on my journey of becoming an ID professional.

Instructional Design

I found this first blog to be very informative.  Langevin provides learning services.  It is the world’s largest train the trainer company.  The blog contains several blog entries from its many authors.  The blog was easy to follow and professional.  I felt that this blog was just perfect for me as I was elated that I found it during my search.  The blog provided me with a wealth of knowledge that will aid me in my journey to becoming an ID professional.  I like the fact that this blog focused on what appeared to me to be every aspect of an ID professionals role.  For example, one blog entry talked about training in the workplace and being able to develop efficient and training materials for the learner.  Additionally, I like this blog also as it provides helpful information to the ID professional to help them to become a better professional.  In this blog you can find information about developing job aids in which are effective in the workplace.  The blog also provides information on effective OJT training and the importance of the trainer being efficient and effective in fulfilling their roles as a trainer.  There is a focus on learning as an ID and learning as it relates to the learner.  Additionally, the blog also talked about developing materials for learners that have appropriate language, presentation, and simplicity.  I mostly enjoyed this blog as I have a strong interest in the area of training.

10 Instructional Design Tips for E-learning Development

The next resource that I found is a newsletter by Steve Pena.  He is an instructional designer at Syberworks.  This newsletter contained helpful tips for the ID professional developing e-learning materials.  However, I feel that each tip for developing e-learning materials also contained a tip for the ID professional helping them to be aware of the type of learner and their competency level.  This newsletter talked about being creative with learning and flexible as an ID professional.  Additionally, it talked about the organization of material and subject matter as you present material to the learner.  As, I mentioned before I feel that this information is beneficial and provides more learning to the ID professional in order for the ID professional to become more efficient in their role and help the learner to learn the desired material.

Rapid Learning Institute (Training and Development Insights)

The last blog I found is a very good blog for the ID learner and professional as it provides insight to both about learners.  This blog was also easy to follow and professional.  The information provided in the many blogs is to help the ID learner and professional to understand methods and ways to help the learner to learn and remember.  Additionally, it seems that the goal of this blog is to share information on methods and ways to help the learner to learn and remember training and material in order for the learner to properly transfer the learned